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pq 16 convoy

pq 16 convoy

Casey.The convoy sailed from Loch Ewe in Scotland on 10 March 1942 and arrived in Reykjavik on the 16 March, 1942. Out of a total of 30 ships in the convoy, the Germans sank or damaged nine, the largest PQ convoy losses to date. The convoy was intercepted by U-boats and … was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World War II. Les Alliés cherchaient à ravitailler l'URSS qui combattait leur ennemi commun, le Troisième Reich. 25 ships arrived safely. 100% (1/1) Molotovsk Severodvinsk Urban Okrug Molotovosk. It also increased the chance of early detection by German reconnaissance aircraft. Severodvinsk. A PQ kód azt jelentette, hogy a rakomány nyugatról tart a Szovjetunióba, a 16 a sorszámát jelöli. selon les recommandations des projets correspondants. Date U-boat Commander Name of ship Tons Nat. 25 ships arrived safely. In 1941, interception parties code-named Headaches were embarked on warships and from May 1942, computers sailed with the cruiser admirals in command of convoy escorts, to read Luftwaffe W/T signals which could not be intercepted by land stations in Britain. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 8 mai 2020 à 11:14. RG Onslow) et se compose des destroyers ORP Garland, HMS Volunteer , Achates, et Martin, du navire antiaérien HMS Alynbank, de quatre corvettes de la classe Flower, d'un dragueur de mines et de quatre chalutiers. (Torpille aérienne), Navire Commodore - Endommagé par les bombes mais a atteint le port en toute sécurité, Endommagé par les bombes mais a atteint le port en toute sécurité, Il a atteint le port mais a ensuite été bombardé dans le port et a coulé. Carried a catapult and one. On 25 May, PQ 16 met its cruiser es­cort, but on the same day was spot­ted by a Focke-Wulf Fw 200 re­co… https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Convoi_PQ_16&oldid=170593826, Convoi arctique de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, Wikipédia:ébauche Seconde Guerre mondiale, Portail:Seconde Guerre mondiale/Articles liés, Portail:Époque contemporaine/Articles liés, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence, Dommages causés par des accidents évités de justesse. Convoy speed: 6.2 knots. That evening the Luftwaffe began attacks which continued for the next five days, until the convoy was in range of Soviet fighter cover. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. Return to convoy information - convoy battles page. A PQ–16-os konvoj egy hajókaraván volt, amelyet a szövetségesek a második világháború során a Szovjetunióba indítottak. The Admiralty sent details of Luftwaffe wireless frequencies, call signs and the daily local codes to the computers. Date U-boat Commander Name of ship Tons Nat. Dommages causés par des accidents évités de justesse. Le 28 mai, le convoi est rejoint par l'Eastern Local escort (escorte locale de l'Est); trois destroyers soviétiques et quatre dragueurs de mines. 07:30 March 14: Convoy reformed. The Heavy Lift Ships from Convoy PQ 16 including SS Empire Elgar stayed at Archangelsk and Molotovsk unloading ships for over 14 months. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. German aircraft sighted the convoy on 28 April while it was 250 nautical miles (463 km) southwest of Bear Island. As a result Britain agreed to supply the Soviet Union with material and goods via convoys through the Arctic Ocean (The greatest support of course came from the United States though). Le convoi PQ 16est le nom de coded'un convoialliédurant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. À cette époque de l'année, le convoi doit opérer sous le soleil de minuit de l'été arctique, ce qui réduit l'efficacité des attaques par les U-boote mais rendent plus probable une attaque aérienne 24 heures sur 24. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War.It sailed on 25 May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports on 30 May after five days of air attacks that left seven ships sunk and three damaged; 25 of the ships arrived safely. In October 1941, after Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the USSR, which had begun on 22 June, the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, made a commitment to send a convoy to the Arctic ports of the USSR every ten days and to deliver 1,200 tanks a month from July 1942 to January 1943, followed by 2,000 tanks and another 3,600 aircraft more than already promised. A database of the mercantile vessels that sailed in the PQ convoys series from the Arnold Hague convoy database. Later the same day Burnett with Scylla and the destroyer escort, with Avenger ' s group, detached to meet and escort the returning convoy QP 14, while PQ 18 continued with its close escort. When Convoy PQ 16 was assembled off Iceland Churchill declared it would be worthwhile if even 50 per cent got through; despite the losses the majority of the ships of Convoy PQ 16 did arrive, most ships to Murmansk (30 May 1942) and eight ships to Archangelsk (1 June 1942). HM Burrough in the cruiser HMS Nigeria, and comprising the cruisers HMS Kent, Liverpool, and Norfolk, and destroyers HMS Onslow, Marne, and Oribi, and a Distant Covering Force of the battleships HMS Duke of York and USS Washington, the aircraft carrier HMS Victorious, the cruisers HMS London and USS Wichita, and 13 destroyers. Le convoi PQ 12 est constitué de 16 navires sous le commandement du Commodore HT Hudson. On 29 the convoy divided, six ships making for Archangel, while the remainder docked at Murmansk.[10]. Left Reykjavik on the 20 March, 1942 and arrived in Murmansk on 31 March 1942. The close escort was led by the destroyer HMS Ashanti (Cdr. Convoy PQ 12 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World War II. [3], By late 1941, the convoy system used in the Atlantic had been established on the Arctic run; a convoy commodore ensured that the ships' masters and signals officers attended a briefing before sailing to make arrangements for the management of the convoy, which sailed in a formation of long rows of short columns. PQ 17 was the code name for an Allied Arctic convoy during the Second World War.On 27 June 1942, the ships sailed from Hvalfjord, Iceland, for the port of Arkhangelsk in the Soviet Union.The convoy was located by German forces on 1 July, after which it was shadowed continuously and attacked. JEH McBeath who took over as SOE, and Offa, supported by the cruiser Kenya. Convoy PQ 18 Arctic Ocean Convoy PQ 16 Murmansk Convoy PQ 17. Legend We have a picture of this vessel. Towed back to Iceland by, Sunk by aircraft. This was joined on 28 April by the ocean escort, giving the convoy an immediate total escort of 12 warships. Convoy PQ 14 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World War II.It sailed in April 1942, reaching Murmansk after air and U-boat attacks that sank one ship, and ice damage that saw 16 vessels returned to port. Le convoi est dirigé par le Commodore N. H. Gale sur l'Ocean Voice. This was joined on 28 April by the ocean escort, giving the convoy an immediate total escort of 12 warships. PQ-17 disembarks from Iceland. Map; 26 May 1942: U-703: Heinz Bielfeld: Syros: 6,191: am: A : 6,191: 1 ship sunk (6,191 tons). Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. Full listings of ships and escorts are given for each convoy … Le 29, le convoi se divise, six navires se dirigent vers Archangelsk , tandis que les autres accostent à Mourmansk[5]. On 28 May, the convoy was joined by the Eastern Local escort; three Soviet destroyers and four minesweepers. It also had one auxiliary vessel, the CAM ship SS Empire Lawrence. It sailed in May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports after five days of air attacks that left seven ships sunk and three damaged. Dieser Artikel hat KEINE Deutsche Sprache und Untertitel. When the Wehrmacht smashed into the Soviet Union in June 1941 Russia and Britain found themselves in alliance against Germany. The force comprised two other destroyers Achates and Amazon, two anti-aircraft "gunships", four Flower-class corvettes, four A/S trawlers and three minesweepers.The escort was supported by a Carrier group (the escort carrier Avenger and her accomp… The convoy was heavily defended, but fearing an imminent attack by substantial German surface forces, the Admiralty made the decision to disperse the convoy. Remorqué en Islande par le. Ships. PQ 12 consisted of 16 ships under the command of Commodore HT Hudson. [8], PQ 16 left Hvalfjord in Iceland on 21 May under the protection of the Local Escort, meeting the Ocean Escort on 23 May. PQ-13 was a British Arctic convoy which delivered war supplies from the Western Allies to the USSR during World War II. ; New to Wikipedia? PQ 17 was the code name for an Allied Second World War convoy in the Arctic Ocean.In July 1942, the Arctic convoys suffered a significant defeat when Convoy PQ 17 lost 24 of its 35 merchant ships during a series of heavy enemy daylight attacks which lasted a week. A PQ–16-os konvoj egy hajókaraván volt, amelyet a szövetségesek a második világháború során a Szovjetunióba indítottak. 25 ships arrived safely. Severodvinsk. L'escorte est composée du dragueur de mine Gossamer et de cinq baleiniers. A teherhajók és kísérőik 1942. május 21-én indultak el Reykjavíkból.A 36 hajóból nyolcat elsüllyesztettek a németek. It sailed in May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports after five days of air attacks that left eight ships sunk and two damaged.… This page was last edited on 4 June 2020, at 11:08. By June 1941, the German Enigma machine Home Waters (Heimish) settings used by surface ships and U-boats could quickly be read. Les convois de l'Arctique, organisés de 1941 à 1945, avaient pour destination le port d'Arkhangelsk, l'été, et Mourmansk, l'hiver, via l'Islande et l'océan Arctique, effectuant un voyage périlleux dans des eaux parmi les plus hostiles du monde. PQ 15 sailed from Reykjavík, Iceland, on 26 April 1942 with its local escort. Convoys headed fo… Full listings of ships and escorts are given for each convoy … Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War.It sailed on 25 May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports on 30 May after five days of air attacks that left seven ships sunk and three damaged; 25 of the ships arrived safely. The convoy was subject to attack by German air, U-boat and surface forces and suffered the loss of five ships, plus one escort vessel. Convoy PQ 18 Arctic Ocean Convoy PQ 16 Murmansk Convoy PQ 17. By 27 May the air attacks began to break through; three ships were sunk and another damaged around mid-day; another sunk and one damaged in mid-afternoon. To reach them, the convoys had to travel dangerously near the German occupied Norwegian coastline. PQ 15 sailed from Reykjavík, Iceland, on 26 April 1942 with its local escort. Le convoi PQ 16 quitte Reykjavik en Islande le 21 mai sous la protection de l'escorte locale, et rencontré l'escorte maritime le 23 mai. PQ 12 consisted of 16 ships under the command of Commodore HT Hudson. However, by PQ-16 in May 1942, German resistance had dramatically increased. 100% (1/1) Molotovsk Severodvinsk Urban Okrug Molotovosk. In October 1941, after Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the USSR, which had begun on 22 June, the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, made a commitment to send a convoy to the Arctic ports of the USSR every ten days and to deliver 1,200 tanks a month from July 1942 to January 1943, followed by 2,000 tanks and another 3,600 aircraft more than already promised. The convoy was such a success in terms the delivery of war material that the Germans made greater efforts to disrupt the following convoys. Le convoi fut un tel succès en termes de livraison de matériel de guerre que les Allemands firent de plus grands efforts pour perturber les convois suivants. On 1 February 1942, the Enigma machines used in U-boats in the Atlantic and Mediterranean were changed but German ships and the U-boats in Arctic waters continued with the older Heimish (Hyrda from 1942, Dolphin to the British). Combined with their knowledge of Luftwaffe procedures, the computers could give fairly accurate details of German reconnaissance sorties and sometimes predicted attacks twenty minutes before they were detected by radar. By mid-1941, British Y-stations were able to receive and read Luftwaffe W/T transmissions and give advance warning of Luftwaffe operations. From May 24 right until May 30, 1942 German aircraft made 245 bomber and torpedo sorties against convoy PQ-16, the largest Russia convoy so far with 30 ships, sinking 5 ships and damaging 4. Ce soir-là, la Luftwaffe commence des attaques qui se sont poursuivies pendant les cinq jours suivants, jusqu'à ce que le convoi soit à portée de la couverture des chasseurs soviétiques. Les navires de transport lourd du convoi PQ 16, dont le SS Empire Elgar, restèrent à Archangelsk et Molotovsk à décharger les navires pendant plus de 14 mois. A database of the mercantile vessels that sailed in the PQ convoys series from the Arnold Hague convoy database. All ships arrived safely. notes (not sure who the author was, possibly Commodore or Vice Commodore, or Senior Officer of escort? PQ 16 left Hvalfjord in Ice­land on 21 May under the pro­tec­tion of the Local Es­cort, meet­ing the Ocean Es­cort on 23 May. Following the disastrous losses to PQ-17, the British were determined to provide the convoy with air cover.The new escort carrier HMS Avenger had arrived from … It sailed in March 1942, reaching Murmansk despite a sortie against it by the German battleship Tirpitz. In large convoys, the commodore was assisted by vice- and rear-commodores who directed the speed, course and zig-zagging of the merchant ships and liaised with the escort commander. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. Ce convoi est composé de 35 navires marchands : 21 américains, 4 soviétiques, 8 britanniques, 1 néerlandais et un panaméen. was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World War II. Return to convoy information - convoy battles page. PQ 8 consisted of eight merchant ships; five British, one Soviet, one American, one of Panamanian registry. Un navire est endommagé et forcé de revenir sous escorte ; le 26 mai, toutes les attaques aériennes sont repoussées mais le cargo américain Syros est torpillé par l'U-Boot U-703. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. Le 27 mai, les attaques aériennes commencent à percer; trois navires sont coulés et un autre endommagé vers la mi-journée; un autre coulé et un autre endommagé en milieu d'après-midi. A motley of Bri… Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. A PQ kód azt jelentette, hogy a rakomány nyugatról tart a Szovjetunióba, a 16 a sorszámát jelöli. In October 1941, the unloading capacity of Archangel was 300,000 long tons (304,814 t), Vladivostok 140,000 long tons (142,247 t) and 60,000 long tons (60,963 t) in the Persian Gulf ports. Close escort was provided by a force led by Cdr.AB Russell, in the destroyer Malcolm. Legend We have a picture of this vessel. Five destroyers, four trawlers, four corvettes, and a minesweeper along with a CAM (Catapult Aircraft Merchantman), equipped with a Sea Hurricane fighter plane were to protect the convoy. That evening two more ships were sunk, and another damaged. RG Onslow) and consisted of the destroyers ORP Garland, HMS Volunteer, Achates, and Martin, the anti-aircraft ship HMS Alynbank, four Flower-class corvettes, one minesweeper and four trawlers. Convoys supplying the Soviet Union began in August 1941 with PQ-1 and initially saw little German opposition to these Arctic shipments. Convoy PQ 13 cruising order, escorts, ships sunk, reports. Ships hit from convoy PQ-16. 8 convoys on route PQ were hit by U-boats in the war. A motley of British, Allied and neutral shipping loaded with military stores and raw materials for the Soviet war effort would be assembled at Hvalfjordur, Iceland, convenient for ships from both sides of the Atlantic. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War.It sailed on 25 May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports on 30 May after five days of air attacks that left seven ships sunk and three damaged; 25 of the ships arrived safely. Le convoi PQ 18, composé de 40 bâtiments lourdement chargés, quitte Loch Ewe, en Écosse, le 2 septembre 1942, sous la protection d'une cinquantaine navires d'escorte, dont le porte-avions d'escorte HMS Avenger — qui est le navire de ce type à accompagner un convoi de l'Arctique — et deux croiseurs antiaériens [1].. Ils sont rejoints le 5 mars par deux destroyers, le HMS Oribi et le HMS Offa, et par un croiseur, le HMS Kenya. The commodore was assisted by a Naval signals party of four men, who used lamps, semaphore flags and telescopes to pass signals, coded from books carried in a bag, weighted to be dumped overboard. March 16: Arrived Reykjavik. Fifteen ships arrived safely. Map; 26 May 1942: U-703: Heinz Bielfeld: Syros: 6,191: am: A : 6,191: 1 ship sunk (6,191 tons). Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the … It sailed in May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports after five days of air attacks that left eight ships sunk and two damaged. Convoy PQ 14 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World War II. Il y a deux groupes de soutien : une Cruiser Cover Force (Force de couverture) dirigée par le R.Adm. [9], On 25 May, PQ 16 met its cruiser escort, but at 6:00 a.m.was spotted by a Focke-Wulf Fw 200 reconnaissance aircraft, which commenced shadowing. Le soir même, deux autres navires sont coulés et un autre endommagé.

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